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Judea is a historical region located in the southern part of modern-day Israel and the West Bank. It is often referred to as the birthplace of Judaism, and it has a rich cultural and religious history that dates back thousands of years.

In the ancient period, Judea was ruled by a series of powerful empires, including the Babylonians, the Persians, the Greeks, and the Romans. It was during the Roman occupation that the Jewish people staged a revolt against their Roman rulers, leading to the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE.

After the Roman Empire fell, Judea was ruled by various Muslim dynasties, including the Umayyads, the Abbasids, and the Fatimids. The area was also ruled by the Crusaders during the 11th and 12th centuries, and later became part of the Ottoman Empire.

In the 20th century, the modern state of Israel was established, and the region of Judea became part of the newly created country. Today, the area is a major center of Jewish and Palestinian conflict, with both groups claiming it as their ancestral homeland.

Despite its turbulent history, Judea remains an important religious and cultural center for Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike, and it continues to play a central role in the ongoing conflict in the Middle East.